Avodart is used to relieve symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with enlarged prostate, including difficulty urinating, decreased urine flow, getting up to urinate during the night, and hesitation at the start of urination. It helps shrink the prostate and reduce the risk of urinary retention caused by restricted urine flow as the prostate becomes enlarged.
Avodart is also used to treat male pattern hair loss (androgenetic alopecia) by increasing hair growth and preventing further hair loss from all areas of the scalp.
How does Avodart work?
Avodart contains Dutasteride which blocks the action of both forms (type I and type II) of the enzyme 5α-reductase, responsible for converting the male hormone testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the androgen primarily responsible for the development and growth of the prostate gland.
Available dosage forms and strengths
How should I take Avodart?
Avodart should be taken with a glass of water once a day, with or without food. Do not chew it or open it, as this may cause your mouth or throat to become sore. It can take six months or more for Avodart to improve symptoms of BPH, as the prostate shrinks slowly. If you stop taking your Avodart during this period, your prostate may start to grow again.
You should continue to take Avodart for as long as your doctor recommends, which may be for three to six months or longer.
Avodart side effects
The most commonly reported side effects when taking Avodart include temporary impotence (whilst continuing the treatment) and low libido. Less frequent side effects include itchy skin rash, breast tenderness and enlargement (gynecomastia). Contact your doctor if you have any side effects that are bothering you or do not go away.